A concept has emerged of radically new environment should be said with the passage of time. We are moving from a concept that treats natural and heritage resources as reserves to feed mere economic activities, to a concept of environment is perceived as a common, essential of course for certain economic activities, but also a quality factor life to be preserved for the future welfare of populations. The architectural heritage is not limited to buildings of historical interest, it has also become a part of that common good.

Both now and in the future, to ensure the development of a rural area is essential to have a minimum level of environmental competitiveness.

Evaluating the environmental competitiveness of a territory requires, therefore, a thorough analysis of the different levels of agents-environment relationship for understanding the interactions between them. Since the early seventies, Europe maintains a strong commitment to the environment: protection of air quality and water resource conservation and biodiversity, waste management and impact activities harmful are some of the areas of European action in both member states and internationally.